These are the most basic common financial and banking terms/terminology any Chinese language student should know.

English Chinese Traditional Chinese Simplified Pin yin
Bank 銀行 银行 Yínháng
Money Qián
Check/Cheque 支票 支票 Zhīpiào
Cash 現金 现金 Xiànjīn
Savings account 存款帳戶 存款帐户 Cúnkuǎn zhànghù
Bank account 銀行戶頭 银行户头 Yínháng hùtóu
Bank deposit 銀行存款 银行存款 Yínháng cúnkuǎn
Bank withdrawal 銀行提款 银行提款 Yínháng tí kuǎn
Principal/Capital 本錢 本钱 Běnqián
Interest rate 利率 / 利息率 利率 Lìlǜ
Interest (amount) 利息 利息 Lìxí
Loan 貸款 贷款 Dàikuǎn
Currency 貨幣 货币 Huòbì
ATM (Automatic Teller Machine) 自動取款機 自动取款机 Zìdòng qǔkuǎn jī
Credit card 信用卡 信用卡 Xìnyòngkǎ
Invoice 發票 发票 Fāpiào
Receipt 收據 收据 Shōujù
Bounced cheque 空頭支票 空头支票 Kōngtóu zhīpiào
Late charge 滯納金 滞纳金 Zhìnàjīn